Diabetes What is it?

Disease of poor control of blood sugar

Type 1

  • Insulin Dependant Diabetes
  • Juvenile onset
  • Pancreas doesn’t produce insulin; therefore sugar accumulates in the blood.
  • There is a production of incomplete hormone and a decrease in number and affinity of insulin receptors, thereby a decrease in the clearance of glucose from the blood or decrease in uptake of glucose by muscle and fat cells.
  • Destruction of beta cells; these are the cells, which produce insulin, therefore a decreased ability for the body to produce insulin.
  • 80% of beta cells are destroyed before symptoms present.

    Signs and Symptoms
  • Increase thirst and hunger.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Extreme weight loss.
  • Lack of energy, tiredness and weak.
  • Mood changes
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • High levels of sugar in blood and urine.


Risk Factors

Type 2

  • Non Insulin Dependant Diabetes
  • Late Onset
  • Metabolic disorder, the body produces insulin but it can’t use it properly.

    Signs and Symptoms
    -    Same as Type 1 Diabetes, plus the following
    -    Blurred vision
    -    Itchy, numb or tingling hands and feet.
    -    Recurrent infections – skin, gum, bladder.
    -    Slow healing wounds.

    Obesity is the major cause.

    Risk factors
    -    Family History
    -    Over 40
    -    Overweight
    -    Low HDL (good cholesterol) and high triglycerides (blood fats)
    -    Lack of exercise.


  • Nerve Damage
  • 60-70% people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nerve damage, especially the feet, therefore look for pain, numbness, swelling, tenderness and sores that won’t heal.

-    Look for any eye problems

Kidney diseases
-    Look for any pain in lower back or any urination problems (pain, stininging, uncomfort)

Heart Disease
-    Look for any chest pain or pain running down your arms.

Gum disease.
-    Look for bleeding gums

-    Pain usually radiates down the left arm

-    Emotionally unstable

-    Skin urinary tract, etc.


This is the most important factor in diabetes.  You have to make sure that your blood sugar levels remain as level as possible.

  • Your diet needs to be low in cholesterol and fat as this is linked to heart disease which is very common in diabetics.
  • Know how different foods effect your blood sugar.
  • Consistency is important not only with when you have your insulin injections, but when you eat and other daily activities like exercise.
  • Eat small regular meals and don’t skip meals.
  • Eat about the same amount of food at about the same time everyday as this also helps stabilize blood sugar levels.


Types of food
Meat – lean cuts with fat trimmed, E.g. beef have round, sirloin, loin or with lamb have loin, leg or rib.
Eat plenty of fish, deep sea is best as it is oilier, therefore higher in essential fatty acids.

Decrease sorbital rich foods, as these are high in sugar – cherries, plums, pears and apples.
Avoid – coffee (stimulant) and salt (heart disease).


  • Support digestion – DEF, hydrozyme, lactobac.
  • EFA – fish oils, EPO, O3 and O6 oils (O6 more effected in diabetes). – Because low in diabetics.
  • Prevent free radical damage – use anti-oxidants e.g. Vit A, C, E. grape seed, tumeric, St Mary’s thistle.
  • Support the liver – dandelion root, buplerum.
  • Regulate blood glucose levels – chromium, licorice, gymnema.
  • Assist circulation – Dan Shen, ginkgo, ginger, capsicum.



Contact Petries Cottage of Natural Therapies for more information, or click on good health to send us an email.
If you enjoyed this article register for our monthly eNewsletter by clicking on Petries Cottage.
Pop into Petries Cottage

12 Jutland Place,
Currumbin Waters QLD 4223
PH: 0410 476 686


Business Hours

Monday - 9am-1pm
Tuesday & Wednesday - 9am-5pm
Thursday - 8.30am-5pm (later by appt)
Friday - 11.30-1.30pm
Saturday - 8.30am-12pm